Civil War Earthwork 1
In early August 1864, Macon authorities began to build fortifications around the city. On November 15, General William T. Sherman burned Atlanta, and divided his army into two wings and began his destructive "March to the Sea." Sherman's Cavalry division, commanded by Brigadeer General Hugh Judson Kilpatrick, was given the task of screening the march of the Right Wing. Sherman ordered Kilpatrick to make a feint against Macon by sending his troops to strike the Georgia Central Railroad as close to the city as possible. Confederate General Joseph E. Wheeler moved at daylight on November 20th with all his available troops to meet the Federals. The Confederate infantry was supported by artillery, including gun emplacements, at Fort Hawkins, the Garrison Road, and covering the railroad bridge over Walnut Creek from the rear of the Dunlap House. Determined attacks by the Federal 10th Ohio were repelled, and they withdrew across Walnut Creek. Major Lewis Bowlus of the 9th Ohio was sent to burn the Georgia Central Railroad Bridge, over the Ocmulgee River at Macon. Bowlus found the bridge to be guarded with Confederate artillery, which opened fire on him, and prevented him from carrying out his mission. Bowlus, however, succeeded in destroying the railroad within several hundred yards of the bridge. Skirmishing occurred during the night of the 20th and early morning hours of the 21st, but no major fighting took place. Late on the 21st, the armies moved on to Griswoldville. Casualties for both armies were one killed, eleven wounded.
Civil War EarthworkGeorgiaHistorical SiteMoundsNative AmericanOcmulgeephoto taken by charlie brooks