Samuel Worcester (1798 - 1859)
Samuel Worcester served as a missionary to the Cherokees for 34 years. With his wife Ann, and daughter Ann Eliza he moved to New Echota in 1827 and constructed this house the following year. He established a church and school at New Echota and helped translate and publish parts of the Bible and many hymns into Cherokee. Worcester continued his service to the Cherokees in the west.
Worcester vs. Georgia: The Georgia militia arrested Rev. Worcester at his home in 1831 due to his refusal to obtain a state permit to reside in the Cherokee Nation and he was sentenced to four years in prison. The Cherokee Nation appealed his case to the U.S. Supreme Court where Worcester and the Cherokees won, but with President Andrew Jackson's support, the State of Georgia ignored the Supreme Court and continued its annexation of Cherokee land. Worcester was final released from prison in 1833.
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