Beginning in December of 1827 with an eleven-line reproduction of the first five verses of Genesis until the 1834 closing of the Phoenix print shop, over 700,000 pages of broadsheets, religious tracts, government documents and newspapers were printed at New Echota. Supplies, including ink made from boiled linseed oil, lampblack and rag paper were supplied from Tennessee. Interruptions in the weekly schedule occurred occasionally because of supply problems, however, during the six years of operation, the Phoenix print shop produced some 260 issues of the newspaper.
During the Phoenix's six-year existence, it addressed a wide variety of subjects that affected the Cherokee people. Its columns included editorials that highlighted the Cherokees' determination to retain their lands, news on activities of the Cherokee government, accounts of the Cherokees in Arkansas and other Native American nation and social and religious issues in the nation. Major events that were given extensive coverage included Congressional debates over the 1830 Indian Removal Act, the two U.S. Supreme Court cases affecting the Cherokee rights (Cherokee Nation v. Georgia and Worcester v. Georgia) and actions by the State of Georgia to lay claim to Cherokee lands.
Other notable New Echota citizens involved with the Cherokee Phoenix include Elijah Hicks, Editor; John Candy, Translator and Assistan Printer; Isaac Harris, Printer; and Stand Watie, Editor.
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