During the early 1800s most Cherokee families made their living by farming. The average farmstead included fruit trees and a garden near the house and a large corn field in a nearby river bottom. Hogs and cattle were allowed to roam freely so each garden and corn field had to be fenced.
Corn was the most important crop raised by the Cherokees. In 1835 they harvested over one-half million bushels of corn. Surplus corn was sold and traded to provide cash and goods for the family. Crops grown by the Cherokees included not only corn, beans, squash, and pumpkins, but also collards, English peas, lettuce, cotton, watermelons, cabbage, turnips, cucumbers, peanuts, and onions.
Gourds were often erected to attract purple martins. Martins were very beneficial since they chased crows and hawks from the garden and also ate many flying insects.
Farminggeorgiahistorical sitemiddle class farmsteadNative AmericanNew Echotacherokee